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By comparison, DNA storage is potentially less expensive, more energy-efficient and ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland longer lasting. Studies show that DNA properly encapsulated with a salt remains stable for decades at room temperature and should last much longer in the controlled environs of a data center. DNA doesn’t require maintenance, and files stored in DNA are easily copied for negligible cost.

Even better, DNA can archive a staggering amount of information in an ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland almost inconceivably small volume. Consider this. Humanity will generate an estimated 33 zettabytes of data by 2025—that’s 3.3 followed by 22 zeroes.

DNA storage can squeeze ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland all that information into a ping-pong ball, with room to spare. The 74 million million bytes of information in the Library of Congress could be crammed into a DNA archive the size of a poppy seed—6,000 times over. Split the seed in half, and you could store all of Facebook’s data.

Science fiction? ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. Hardly. DNA storage technology exists today, but to make it viable, researchers have to clear a few daunting technological hurdles around integrating different technologies.

As part of a major ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland collaboration to do that work, our team at Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed a key enabling technology for molecular storage. Our software, the Adaptive DNA Storage Codex (ADS Codex), translates data files from the binary language of zeroes and ones that computers understand into the four-letter code biology understands. ADS Codex is a key part of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) Molecular Information Storage (MIST) program.

MIST seeks to bring cheaper, bigger, longer-lasting storage to big-data operations in government and the private sector, with a short-term goal ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland of writing one terabyte—a trillion bytes—and reading 10 terabytes within 24 hours at a cost of $1,000. FROM COMPUTER CODE TO GENETIC CODE When most people think of DNA, they think of life, not computers. But DNA is itself a four-letter code for passing along information about an organism.

DNA molecules are made from four types of bases, or nucleotides, each identified ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland by a letter. Adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C). They are the basis of all DNA code, providing the instruction manual for building every living thing on earth.

A fairly well-understood technology, DNA synthesis ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland has been widely used in medicine, pharmaceuticals and biofuel development, to name just a few applications. The technique organizes the bases into various arrangements indicated by specific sequences of A, C, G and T. These bases wrap in a twisted chain around each other—the familiar double helix—to form the molecule.

The arrangement of these letters into sequences creates a code that tells ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland an organism how to form. The complete set of DNA molecules makes up the genome—the blueprint of your body. By synthesizing DNA molecules—making them from scratch—researchers have found they can specify, or write, long strings of the letters A, C, G and T and then read those sequences back.

The process is analogous to how a ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland computer stores binary information. From there, it was a short conceptual step to encoding a binary computer file into a molecule The method has been proven to work, but reading and writing the DNA-encoded files currently takes a long time. Appending a single base to DNA takes about one second.

Writing an archive file at this rate could take decades, but research is developing faster methods, including massively parallel operations that write to many molecules at once. NOTHING LOST IN TRANSLATION ADS Codex tells exactly how ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland to translate the zeros and ones into sequences of four letter-combinations of A, C, G and T. The Codex also handles the decoding back into binary.

DNA can be synthesized by several methods, and ADS Codex can accommodate them all. Unfortunately, compared to traditional digital systems, the error rates while writing to ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland molecular storage with DNA synthesis are very high. These errors arise from a different source than they do in the digital world, making them trickier to correct.

On a digital hard disk, binary errors occur when a zero flips to a one, or vice versa. With DNA, the problems come from insertion and deletion ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland errors. For instance, you might be writing A-C-G-T, but sometimes you try to write A, and nothing appears, so the sequence of letters shifts to the left, or it types AAA.

Normal error correction codes don’t work well with that kind of problem, so ADS Codex adds error detection codes that validate the data. When the ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland software converts the data back to binary, it tests to see that the codes match. If they don’t, it removes or adds bases—letters—until the verification succeeds.

SMART SCALE-UP We have completed version 1.0 of ADS Codex, and late this year we plan to use it to evaluate the storage and retrieval systems developed by the other MIST teams. The work fits well with Los Alamos’ history of pioneering new ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland developments in computing as part of our national security mission. Since the 1940s, as an outcome of those computing advancements, we have amassed some of the oldest and largest stores of digital-only data.

It still has tremendous value. Because we keep data forever, we’ve been at the tip of the spear for a long time when it comes to finding a cold-storage solution, but ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland we’re not alone. All the world’s data—all your digital photos and tweets.

All the records of the global financial sector. All those satellite images of cropland, troop movements and ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland glacial melting. All the simulations underlying so much of modern science.

And so much more—have to go somewhere. The “cloud” isn’t a cloud at ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland all. It is digital data centers in huge warehouses consuming vast amounts of electricity to store (and keep cool) trillions of millions of bytes.

Costing billions of dollars to build, power and run, these data centers may struggle to remain viable as the need for data storage continues to grow exponentially. DNA shows great promise for sating ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland the world’s voracious appetite for data storage. The technology requires new tools and new ways of applying familiar ones.

But don’t be surprised if one day the world’s most valuable archives find a new home in a poppy-seed-sized collection of molecules. Funding for ADS Codex was provided by the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), a research agency within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

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But as one team of specialists noted, although orthostatic hypotension is a “highly prevalent” disorder, it is “frequently unrecognized until late in the clinical course.”Under normal circumstances, when we stand up, gravity temporarily causes ventolin online canadian pharmacy blood to pool in the lower half of the body. Then, within 20 or 30 seconds, receptors in the heart and carotid arteries in the neck trigger a compensating mechanism called the baroreflex that raises the heart rate and constricts blood vessels to increase blood pressure and provide the brain with an adequate supply of blood.In people with orthostatic hypotension, this reflex mechanism is delayed or insufficient, resulting in such symptoms as lightheadedness, dizziness, palpitations, blurred vision, weakness, confusion or fainting. The disorder is officially defined as a drop in systolic blood pressure (the top number) of 20 or more millimeters of mercury or a drop of 10 or more in diastolic pressure (the bottom number) within three minutes of standing upright.However, a study of 11,429 middle-aged adults followed for up to 23 years found that blood pressure measurements taken within one minute of standing were even more strongly related to dizziness, falls, fractures, motor vehicle accidents and death than recordings done after three minutes.“Some ventolin online canadian pharmacy patients recover and you may miss the problem when you wait three minutes to measure blood pressure,” said Dr.

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But if a heart condition, neurological ventolin online canadian pharmacy or endocrine disorder is the underlying cause, orthostatic hypotension is likely to occur more frequently.Certain medications, including those used to treat high blood pressure, depression, psychosis, erectile dysfunction, Parkinson’s disease, urinary frequency in men and muscle spasms, can increase the risk of a precipitous drop in blood pressure when standing up. For example, Dr. Gibbons said, diuretics used to treat high blood pressure can be “problematic” and might be replaced by medications less likely to cause a drop in blood volume that limits the body’s ability to adjust to standing.Dr ventolin online canadian pharmacy.

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Orthostatic hypotension — to many people those are unfamiliar words for a relatively common but cheap ventolin online canada often unrecognized medical problem that can have devastating consequences, especially ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland for older adults. It refers to a brief but precipitous drop in blood pressure that causes lightheadedness or dizziness when standing up after lying down or sitting, and sometimes even after standing, for a prolonged period.The problem is likely to be familiar to people of all ages who may have been confined to bed for a long time by an injury, illness or surgery. It also often occurs during pregnancy ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. But middle-aged and older adults are most frequently affected.A significant number of falls and fractures, particularly among the elderly, are likely to result from orthostatic hypotension — literally, low blood pressure upon standing.

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The disorder is officially defined as a drop in systolic blood pressure (the top number) of 20 or more millimeters of mercury or a drop of 10 or more in diastolic pressure (the bottom number) within three minutes of standing upright.However, a study of 11,429 middle-aged adults followed for up to 23 years found that blood pressure measurements taken within one minute of standing were even more strongly related to dizziness, falls, fractures, motor vehicle accidents and death than recordings done after three minutes.“Some patients recover ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland and you may miss the problem when you wait three minutes to measure blood pressure,” said Dr. Stephen P. Juraschek, internist at Beth Israel Deaconess ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Medical Center in Boston and assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, who directed the study. He said that while orthostatic hypotension is commonly regarded as a neurological problem, “it’s associated with a lot of subclinical cardiovascular pathology, which is probably the largest contributor.”On the other hand, symptoms of orthostatic hypotension are sometimes delayed, showing up beyond three minutes of standing up.

In a ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland 10-year study, Dr. Christopher H. Gibbons and Dr ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. Roy Freeman, neurologists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, found that this milder delayed form progresses over time and is associated with the development of diabetes, neurological disorders and increased mortality.In an interview, Dr.

Gibbons said orthostatic hypotension can be “a ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland presymptomatic sign of Parkinson’s disease, dementia and other disorders of the autonomic nervous system” for which drug treatments are now being studied in hopes of slowing down their progression.Orthostatic hypotension can also have a less ominous occasional cause like becoming dehydrated or overheated. Or it may be precipitated by a drop in blood sugar or eating a big meal, especially one accompanied by alcohol. But if a heart condition, neurological or endocrine disorder is the underlying cause, orthostatic hypotension is likely to occur more frequently.Certain medications, including those used to treat high blood pressure, depression, psychosis, erectile dysfunction, Parkinson’s disease, urinary frequency in men and muscle spasms, can increase the risk of a precipitous drop ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland in blood pressure when standing up. For example, Dr.

Gibbons said, diuretics used to treat high blood pressure can be “problematic” and might be ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland replaced by medications less likely to cause a drop in blood volume that limits the body’s ability to adjust to standing.Dr. Lewis A. Lipsitz, geriatrician and director of the Marcus Institute for Aging Research in Boston, said people with especially high blood pressure are more susceptible to orthostatic hypotension because hypertension impairs the heart’s ability to pump blood, thickens blood vessels that then ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland can’t constrict and impairs kidney function. €œThe higher you are, the harder you fall,” he said.“Most doctors don’t screen for orthostatic hypotension unless patients complain of dizziness or lightheadedness when standing,” Dr.

Juraschek said ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. But the American Diabetes Association recommends screening because neurological damage caused by diabetes is a common risk factor. Although a large community-based study found that 5 percent of middle-aged people had orthostatic hypotension, the disorder has been shown to affect 25 percent to 30 percent of those with diabetes.And in a joint statement, the American Heart Association and ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland American College of Cardiology recommended screening for orthostatic hypotension before and after starting patients on medication to lower blood pressure. People being treated with potent medications to lower blood pressure are especially at risk.Dr.

Lipsitz said, “Every patient on medication to lower blood pressure should be checked periodically for orthostatic hypotension during routine office visits.” He suggested that patients lie down for three to five minutes, then have repeated blood pressure checks done, in the first 20 ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland to 30 seconds, after one minute and again after three minutes of standing up. He explained that when a person stands up “a half-quart of blood pools in the legs and belly,” but in older people, the increase in heart rate and blood vessel constriction needed to compensate is less effective.Recommended treatments include wearing compression stockings and an abdominal binder (a girdle) to reduce the pooling of blood upon standing. If dehydration is a ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland factor, Dr. Lipsitz said, that “is easily fixed just by drinking more.” Too many older people restrict their fluid intake to limit their need to use the toilet.Also helpful is avoiding prolonged or motionless standing, hot baths or showers, alcohol and carbohydrate-heavy meals.

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Increased economic integration http://baker-estates.co.uk/property/newton-grove-phase-2-sudbury-road-newton-sudbury-4/ and technological advancements in communication and transportation over the past several decades have spurred do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand growth in cross-national investment, migration and cultural exchange. Nations, economies and people are increasingly interconnected and interdependent. Increasingly ‘globalised’ do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand. The concept of globalisation entered the mainstream vocabulary in the 1990s, but its history has been fraught with controversy.1 Primarily an economic process involving domestic deregulation, trade liberalisation and privatisation, globalisation can have profound social and cultural ramifications. Proponents highlight the economic benefits and improved standards of living for many communities, while opponents of globalisation focus on the disproportionate channelling of wealth to larger Western nations and the further disempowerment of populations who lack the skills to meaningfully participate in this flow of information do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand and resources.1Similarly, the globalisation of healthcare has also inspired competing interpretations and perspectives.

Historically, the globalisation of health has referred to the cross-border flow of healthcare professionals for employment, patients for medical services and public health and research measures across nations. These broad categories reflect the challenges in defining this critical concept that do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand informs social policy, drives change and impacts population health outcomes. More recently, the globalisation of medical education has been used to describe the transnational transfer of curricula, practices and accreditation standards, the global movements of faculty and medical trainees, and the establishment of international branches of medical schools and academic institutions.2 3 The importation of Western-based competencies and educational modalities has sparked discourse around the potential for ‘homogenisation and cultural dominance’ in medical education.2 4 Global accreditation requirements purport to establish standard outcomes and ensure minimum levels of competence, using standardised curricula and accreditation protocols.3 However, globalised medical education may not consistently align with local priorities and needs and has been criticised for imposing Western paradigms on non-dominant nations.2 For example, in India, Western influences predominate medical education, whereby curricula often focus on diseases not relevant to the community.5 In Southeast Asia, student-centred teaching approaches, including problem-based learning, were adopted even though they conflicted with longstanding cultural traditions and norms between students and teachers.6 As such, researchers and educators have expressed concerns that international medical education is overlooking important cultural nuances and is, instead, promoting standards that are Western, rather than truly global.2As medical educators in the Middle East, we have witnessed the effects of globalised medical education. Many students are sponsored by the government to train in medical schools and residency programmes in North America, Australia and Europe, with little consideration of the alignment between the type and content of training received abroad and the needs of the home country to do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand which they return. More recently, several Gulf countries have mandated the wide-scale implementation of US-based accreditation frameworks as part of graduate medical education reform efforts.3 7 8 This often translates to medical trainees that are taught by multinational faculty, using Western-based curricula and assessment methods, in fundamentally different sociocultural, economic and regulatory contexts.

The question do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand remains. How do educational systems maintain best practice and outcome standards while remaining responsive to the local needs?. Over the past decade, educational researchers worldwide have proposed glocalisation as a potential answer.Glocalisation, a neologism combining the terms globalisation do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand and localisation, describes the adaptation of international standards to local needs and cultures.4 By glocalising curricula, accreditation standards and educational practices, trainees learn to provide global standards of care that address local health priorities. The ultimate goal of the glocalisation of medical education is the advancement of population health outcomes and system responsiveness to local health needs. Glocalisation efforts in the do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand medical education literature highlight three main themes.

(1) local adaptation of accreditation standards, (2) exploration of educational methodologies towards glocalisation and (3) identification of challenges facing glocalisation efforts. We will review each of these areas in an attempt to further describe this construct.Much of the globalisation in medical education literature deals with the adoption of do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand accreditation standards. Many countries in Europe, Asia and the Middle East have adopted the competency-based framework of the Royal College of Canada.9 When the US-based Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education offered international accreditation services in 2010, several countries rapidly adopted its model and standards.3 Not surprisingly, glocalisation efforts have focused on ensuring local relevance of related standards and processes. Research has shown do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand that these efforts are diverse and often require input from multiple stakeholders. For example, Ho et al describe four categories of deviation between global accreditation standards and medical schools attempting to glocalise their local accreditation systems in Taiwan, Japan and South Korea.4 These include structural differences of medical education in the national context (such as programme length, entry requirements and school governance), differences requiring adaptation of standards to conform to local regulatory environments, developmental trajectory differences representing the influence of contextual events on medical education and aspirational differences reflecting local priorities and focuses.4Other attempts to glocalise have focused on educational competencies, rather than accreditation standards.

Several authors have questioned the applicability do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand of Western definitions of medical professionalism to their local contexts. In this regards, glocalisation efforts towards the development of culturally relevant medical professionalism curricula represent a common area of study.10 For example, in the United Arab Emirates, we implemented a novel methodology towards glocalising medical professionalism, employing several consensus-gathering techniques. The resultant definition identified additional domains to Western definitions of professionalism that incorporated culturally relevant constructs, including spirituality in professional practice and the role of family and community in patient care decisions.10 Many other educational constructs, such as leadership, communication skills and medical ethics, cannot be directly imported from one country to another but require local adaptation.Finally, when considering the process of glocalisation, studies reveal that educational leaders must give due consideration to the complexity do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand of challenges encountered. These include diverse or conflicting views on educational objectives and scopes, a lack of representation of the diverse perspectives of the local context, a lack of a shared mental model of competence, misalignment of educational requirements and health system factors and the influence of power relationships and decision-makers on the glocalisation process.4 Ensuring diverse representation in glocalisation efforts is critical to fostering consensus, mitigating the challenges identified, facilitating the consideration of contextual factors and leveraging local networks of support.All education is local. However, for the foreseeable future, healthcare and health education will do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand be impacted by an increasingly interconnected world.

This serves to highlight the critical importance of ensuring that medical education institutions remain accountable to the communities they serve. These seemingly discordant responsibilities are reconciled do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand through deliberate glocalisation efforts. If the ultimate goal of medical education is the production of a competent healthcare workforce, equipped with universal practice standards that can meet local population health needs, glocalisation practices must be viewed as essential components of educational standards, and should be adopted by medical educators, accreditation and regulatory bodies and healthcare institutions in the global arena.Ethics statementsPatient consent for publicationNot required.AbstractThe concept of continuity in medical education reflects the progressive professional and personal development that physicians need in education. The aim of this study is investigating the views of the residents do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand about the adequacy of undergraduate and postgraduate education in the context of preparing them for the next stage and their perceptions about the transition period. This phenomenological study was conducted at Hacettepe University Medical School.

The study group consisted of medical and surgical sciences residents in the first year and last year of postgraduate medical education do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand. Four focus group interviews were held with the participation of 21 residents. The participants emphasised that practising with real patients do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand under supervision by taking an active role in healthcare teams was important for their preparation for the next stage in their carrier. However, their educational experiences during undergraduate medical education differed in community-based education, scientific research training, learning in small groups, internship and guidance of clinical educators. The transition period has been expressed with the concepts of identity change, high responsibilities and expectations required by do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand the new identity, adaptation to the healthcare team, institution, and health system, meeting the expectations in an overly busy work environment, and feelings of incompetence.

Participants pointed out that curriculum, which was declared and taught, educational environments, assessment approaches, consultancy systems and practices differed between the clinical departments. In line with the principles of competency-based education, practices related to the development and assessment of the competencies with all do you need a prescription for ventolin in new zealand professional aspects in postgraduate medical education can be strengthened.Medical education &. Training.

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Proponents highlight the economic benefits and improved standards of living for many communities, while opponents of globalisation focus on the disproportionate channelling of wealth to larger Western nations and the further disempowerment of populations who lack the skills to meaningfully participate in this flow of information and resources.1Similarly, the ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland globalisation of healthcare has also inspired competing interpretations and perspectives. Historically, the globalisation of health has referred to the cross-border flow of healthcare professionals for employment, patients for medical services and public health and research measures across nations. These broad ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland categories reflect the challenges in defining this critical concept that informs social policy, drives change and impacts population health outcomes. More recently, the globalisation of medical education has been used to describe the transnational transfer of curricula, practices and accreditation standards, the global movements of faculty and medical trainees, and the establishment of international branches of medical schools and academic institutions.2 3 The importation of Western-based competencies and educational modalities has sparked discourse around the potential for ‘homogenisation and cultural dominance’ in medical education.2 4 Global accreditation requirements purport to establish standard outcomes and ensure minimum levels of competence, using standardised curricula and accreditation protocols.3 However, globalised medical education may not consistently align with local priorities and needs and has been criticised for imposing Western paradigms on non-dominant nations.2 For example, in India, Western influences predominate medical education, whereby curricula often focus on diseases not relevant to the community.5 In Southeast Asia, student-centred teaching approaches, including problem-based learning, were adopted even though they conflicted with longstanding cultural traditions and norms between students and teachers.6 As such, researchers and educators have expressed concerns that international medical education is overlooking important cultural nuances and is, instead, promoting standards that are Western, rather than truly global.2As medical educators in the Middle East, we have witnessed the effects of globalised medical education.

Many students are sponsored by the government ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland to train in medical schools and residency programmes in North America, Australia and Europe, with little consideration of the alignment between the type and content of training received abroad and the needs of the home country to which they return. More recently, several Gulf countries have mandated the wide-scale implementation of US-based accreditation frameworks as part of graduate medical education reform efforts.3 7 8 This often translates to medical trainees that are taught by multinational faculty, using Western-based curricula and assessment methods, in fundamentally different sociocultural, economic and regulatory contexts. The question ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland remains. How do educational systems maintain best practice and outcome standards while remaining responsive to the local needs?.

Over the past decade, educational researchers worldwide have proposed glocalisation as a potential answer.Glocalisation, a neologism combining the terms globalisation and localisation, describes the adaptation of international standards to local needs and ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland cultures.4 By glocalising curricula, accreditation standards and educational practices, trainees learn to provide global standards of care that address local health priorities. The ultimate goal of the glocalisation of medical education is the advancement of population health outcomes and system responsiveness to local health needs. Glocalisation efforts in the medical education literature ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland highlight three main themes. (1) local adaptation of accreditation standards, (2) exploration of educational methodologies towards glocalisation and (3) identification of challenges facing glocalisation efforts.

We will review each ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland of these areas in an attempt to further describe this construct.Much of the globalisation in medical education literature deals with the adoption of accreditation standards. Many countries in Europe, Asia and the Middle East have adopted the competency-based framework of the Royal College of Canada.9 When the US-based Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education offered international accreditation services in 2010, several countries rapidly adopted its model and standards.3 Not surprisingly, glocalisation efforts have focused on ensuring local relevance of related standards and processes. Research has shown that these ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland efforts are diverse and often require input from multiple stakeholders. For example, Ho et al describe four categories of deviation between global accreditation standards and medical schools attempting to glocalise their local accreditation systems in Taiwan, Japan and South Korea.4 http://www.ec-cath-friedolsheim.ac-strasbourg.fr/?p=2267 These include structural differences of medical education in the national context (such as programme length, entry requirements and school governance), differences requiring adaptation of standards to conform to local regulatory environments, developmental trajectory differences representing the influence of contextual events on medical education and aspirational differences reflecting local priorities and focuses.4Other attempts to glocalise have focused on educational competencies, rather than accreditation standards.

Several authors have ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland questioned the applicability of Western definitions of medical professionalism to their local contexts. In this regards, glocalisation efforts towards the development of culturally relevant medical professionalism curricula represent a common area of study.10 For example, in the United Arab Emirates, we implemented a novel methodology towards glocalising medical professionalism, employing several consensus-gathering techniques. The resultant definition identified additional domains to Western definitions of professionalism that incorporated culturally relevant constructs, including spirituality in professional practice and the role of family and community in patient care decisions.10 Many other educational constructs, such as leadership, communication skills and medical ethics, cannot be directly imported from one country to another ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland but require local adaptation.Finally, when considering the process of glocalisation, studies reveal that educational leaders must give due consideration to the complexity of challenges encountered. These include diverse or conflicting views on educational objectives and scopes, a lack of representation of the diverse perspectives of the local context, a lack of a shared mental model of competence, misalignment of educational requirements and health system factors and the influence of power relationships and decision-makers on the glocalisation process.4 Ensuring diverse representation in glocalisation efforts is critical to fostering consensus, mitigating the challenges identified, facilitating the consideration of contextual factors and leveraging local networks of support.All education is local.

However, for the foreseeable future, healthcare and health education will ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland be impacted by an increasingly interconnected world. This serves to highlight the critical importance of ensuring that medical education institutions remain accountable to the communities they serve. These seemingly discordant ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland responsibilities are reconciled through deliberate glocalisation efforts. If the ultimate goal of medical education is the production of a competent healthcare workforce, equipped with universal practice standards that can meet local population health needs, glocalisation practices must be viewed as essential components of educational standards, and should be adopted by medical educators, accreditation and regulatory bodies and healthcare institutions in the global arena.Ethics statementsPatient consent for publicationNot required.AbstractThe concept of continuity in medical education reflects the progressive professional and personal development that physicians need in education.

The aim of this study is investigating the views of the residents about the adequacy of ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland undergraduate and postgraduate education in the context of preparing them for the next stage and their perceptions about the transition period. This phenomenological study was conducted at Hacettepe University Medical School. The study ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland group consisted of medical and surgical sciences residents in the first year and last year of postgraduate medical education. Four focus group interviews were held with the participation of 21 residents.

The participants emphasised that practising with real patients under supervision by taking an active role in healthcare teams was ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland important for their preparation for the next stage in their carrier. However, their educational experiences during undergraduate medical education differed in community-based education, scientific research training, learning in small groups, internship and guidance of clinical educators. The transition period has been expressed with the concepts of identity change, high responsibilities and expectations required by the new identity, adaptation to the healthcare team, institution, and health system, meeting ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland the expectations in an overly busy work environment, and feelings of incompetence. Participants pointed out that curriculum, which was declared and taught, educational environments, assessment approaches, consultancy systems and practices differed between the clinical departments.

In line with the principles of competency-based education, practices related to the development and assessment of ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland the competencies with all professional aspects in postgraduate medical education can be strengthened.Medical education &. Training.

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1. 13 ADM-04 - Medicaid Application and Renewal Processing for Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) Eligibility Groups (Dec. 4, 2013) PDF Links to the appendix (which is just a list of the attachments) and ten attachments that accompany it available a. Http://www.health.ny.gov/health_care/medicaid/publications/pub2013adm.htm "This ADM advises local districts of the referral process for applicants in a Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) eligibility group to New York State of Health (NYSOH), New York’s Health Insurance Marketplace, and the requirements for determining or renewing Medicaid eligibility for certain individuals using MAGI-like budgeting rules. This directive also informs districts of the actions the State will take to transition Family Health Plus (FHPlus) Single Individuals and Childless Couples to coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) effective January 1, 2014, and advises districts of special instructions for processing Medicaid referrals from NYSOH for coverage/payment of medical bills in the three-month retroactive period.” NYC HRA has also issued a directive re applications procedures - see Important Changes in Medicaid Application Submissions -MAGI and Non-MAGI (Dec.

24, 2013) 2. 13 ADM-03 - Medicaid Eligibility Changes under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 (PDF) This directive outlines the changes to Medicaid eligibility that become effective January 1, 2014 under the ACA. 13 ADM-03 describes "expanded Medicaid coverage under the ACA, a new method for counting household income based on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI), Medicaid benefits under the ACA and Medicaid enrollment in New York's Health Benefit Exchange." The directive contains several attachments, including these desk aids explaining - MAGI Eligibility Groups and Income Levels (Attachment 1) - MAGI and Non-MAGI Eligibility Groups (Attachment 2) and - the notice to households whose applications are being referred to the local district for non-MAGI processing. (Attachment 3) 3. GIS 13 MA/021 Renewal Processing for MAGI Eligibility Groups Beginning January 2014 (PDF) (11/15/2013) 4.

GIS 13/MA/022 2014 Medicaid Only Income and Resource Levels and Spousal Impoverishment Standards PDF Attachment 1 - Annual and monthly income and resource limits for "non-MAGI" population - Attachment 2 - Explains what income limits -- usually a percentage of the Federal Poverty Level -- apply to different categories of people, for use with Attachment 1 of same GIS. 5. GIS 14/MA-007 Update on Self-Employment Policy for MAGI-like Budgeting (3/21/2014) 6. GIS 14 MA/016. Long Term Care Eligibility Rules and Estate Recovery Provisions for MAGI Individuals 7.

GIS 14 MA/022 - Medicaid Eligibility for Pregnant Minors PDF (7/1/2014) 8. 2014 LCM-02 - Medicaid Recipients Transferred at Renewal from New York State of Health to Local Departments of Social Services (Dec. 1, 2014) 9. GIS 15 MA/008 - Treatment of Income of Dependents Under MAGI-like Rules (4/9/2015) Child's Social Security or other income may be disregarded from household income, depending on amount and type of income. UPDATED 2018 - click here 10.

GIS 15 MA/022 - Continuous Coverage for MAGI Individuals (12/23/15) PDF Attachment 1 Announces that beginning January 1, 2016, 12-month continuous coverage protections will no longer be extended to MAGI recipients who turn 65. Clarifies that "MAGI-like" category -- those who fall into a MAGI category but are getting their Medicaid coverage through their LDSS or HRA -- are entitled to the same 12-month continuous coverage protections as MAGIs (people who fall into a MAGI category and are getting their coverage through the Marketplace). Some people must get coverage through their LDSS because they need long term care such as home care, a waiver program, or nursing home care. They are eligible for these services with MAGI eligibility- see GIS 14 MA/016 above- but need eligibility processed by the local district. 11.

GIS 15 MA/020 - IRS Tax Form 1095-B Guidance PDF Attachment 1 Attachment 2 Explains form sent to MAGI Medicaid recipients to prove they are enrolled in Medicaid so they are not charged with a tax penalty charged to those who did not enroll in a health insurance plan - under the ACA 12. 2016 LCM-01 - Transitioning MAGI Consumers from WMS to NY State of Health - attachments at this link 13. 16 ADM-01 - Transitioning Essential Plan Consumers from WMS to NY State of Health PDF -- read more about the Essential Plan here 14. GIS 16 MA/004 -Referrals from NY State of Health to Local Departments of Social Services for Individuals who Turn Age 65 and Instructions for Referrals for Essential Plan Consumers (PDF) -- read more about the Essential Plan here 15. GIS 17 MA/011.

Treatment of Federal Income Tax Refunds and Advanced Payments PDF 17. GIS 19 MA/11 – Changes to Countable Income for Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) Based Eligibility Determinations (PDF) Alimony changes - how treated under MAGI rules. Alimony received under a divorce or separation agreement finalized AFTER 12/31/2018 NOT countable as income. If finalized BEFORE that date it IS countable as income. Alimony PAID under agreement finalized before 12/31/18 is deductible from income.

If paid under agreement finalized after that date, it IS NOT deductible from income. Lottery and Gambling winnings - if over $80,000, now countable as income over several months or years depending on amount received. Countable solely for the individual who received the winnings. The NHeLP Advocates Guide to MAGI (updated 2018) has more info about the changes in how lottery winnings are treated under changes enacted in 2018. The changes are meant to disqualify winners from MAGI by creating an exception to the rules that normally exempt non-recurring lump sums.

See more about lump sums in the SNT outline posted in this article. Also view webinars on Lump Sum impact on benefits, including MAGI Medicaid. Attachment (PDF) List of Non-Taxable Income Sources Excluded from Gross Income for MAGIBudgeting," (corrects and amends attachmentpreviously distributed as Attachment IV to 13 ADM-04) 18. 2021-09-27 Transition some MAGI-Like cases DSS/HRA to NYSofHealth NYC Medicaid Alert. Transitioning of MAGI-Like Medicaid Cases from DSS/HRA Medicaid to NY State of Health Exchange.

Since the New York State of Health was introduced in 2014, it has been responsible for all MAGI Medicaid cases. However, there were many Medicaid consumers with MAGI-like budgeting who were found eligible before January 1st, 2014. Their cases have remained with HRA until they could be transitioned. Those consumers were to be transitioned in phases and the first transition began in June 2018. NYS has resumed the transition and approx.

158,600 individuals transitioned between April 2021 through July 2021. The alert details which groups of MAGI recipients were transitioned and those who will not be transitioned. Clients will not be required to renew their coverage in NYSOH until after the asthma treatment Health Emergency ends. This site provides general information only. This is not legal advice.

You can only obtain legal advice from a lawyer. In addition, your use of this site does not create an attorney-client relationship. To contact a lawyer, visit http://lawhelp.org/ny. We make every effort to keep these materials and links up-to-date and in accordance with New York City, New York state and federal law. However, we do not guarantee the accuracy of this information.

To report a dead link or other website-related problem, please e-mail us.NYS updated the 2021 levels with GIS 21 MA/06 -with the 2021 Federal Poverty Levels (April 2021) Here is the 2021 HRA Income and Resources Level Chart Non-MAGI - 2021 Disabled, 65+ or Blind ("DAB" or SSI-Related) and have Medicare MAGI (2021)* (<. 65, Does not have Medicare)(OR has Medicare and has dependent child <. 18 or <. 19 in school) 138% FPL*** Children <. 5 and pregnant women have HIGHER LIMITS than shown ESSENTIAL PLAN* For MAGI-eligible people over MAGI income limit up to 200% FPL No long term care.

See info here 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 Income $884 (up from $875 in 2020) $1300 (up from $1,284 in 2020) $1,482 $2,004 $2,526 $2,146 $2,903 Resources $15,900 (up from $15,750 in 2020) $23,400 (up from $23,100 in 2020) NO LIMIT** NO LIMIT 2020 levels are in GIS 19 MA/12 – 2020 Medicaid Levels and Other Updates and attachments here * MAGI and ESSENTIAL plan levels are based on Federal Poverty Levels, which are not released until later in 2021. 2020 levels are used until then. NEED TO KNOW PAST MEDICAID INCOME AND RESOURCE LEVELS?. WHAT IS THE HOUSEHOLD SIZE?. See rules here.

HOW TO READ THE HRA Medicaid Levels chart - Boxes 1 and 2 are NON-MAGI Income and Resource levels -- Age 65+, Blind or Disabled and other adults who need to use "spend-down" because they are over the MAGI income levels. Box 10 on page 3 are the MAGI income levels -- The Affordable Care Act changed the rules for Medicaid income eligibility for many BUT NOT ALL New Yorkers. People in the "MAGI" category - those NOT on Medicare -- have expanded eligibility up to 138% of the Federal Poverty Line, so may now qualify for Medicaid even if they were not eligible before, or may now be eligible for Medicaid without a "spend-down." They have NO resource limit. Box 3 on page 1 is Spousal Impoverishment levels for Managed Long Term Care &. Nursing Homes and Box 8 has the Transfer Penalty rates for nursing home eligibility Box 4 has Medicaid Buy-In for Working People with Disabilities Under Age 65 (still 2017 levels til April 2018) Box 6 are Medicare Savings Program levels (will be updated in April 2018) MAGI INCOME LEVEL of 138% FPL applies to most adults who are not disabled and who do not have Medicare, AND can also apply to adults with Medicare if they have a dependent child/relative under age 18 or under 19 if in school.

42 C.F.R. § 435.4. Certain populations have an even higher income limit - 224% FPL for pregnant women and babies <. Age 1, 154% FPL for children age 1 - 19. CAUTION.

What is counted as income may not be what you think. For the NON-MAGI Disabled/Aged 65+/Blind, income will still be determined by the same rules as before, explained in this outline and these charts on income disregards. However, for the MAGI population - which is virtually everyone under age 65 who is not on Medicare - their income will now be determined under new rules, based on federal income tax concepts - called "Modifed Adjusted Gross Income" (MAGI). There are good changes and bad changes. GOOD.

Veteran's benefits, Workers compensation, and gifts from family or others no longer count as income. BAD. There is no more "spousal" or parental refusal for this population (but there still is for the Disabled/Aged/Blind.) and some other rules. For all of the rules see. ALSO SEE 2018 Manual on Lump Sums and Impact on Public Benefits - with resource rules HOW TO DETERMINE SIZE OF HOUSEHOLD TO IDENTIFY WHICH INCOME LIMIT APPLIES The income limits increase with the "household size." In other words, the income limit for a family of 5 may be higher than the income limit for a single person.

HOWEVER, Medicaid rules about how to calculate the household size are not intuitive or even logical. There are different rules depending on the "category" of the person seeking Medicaid. Here are the 2 basic categories and the rules for calculating their household size. People who are Disabled, Aged 65+ or Blind - "DAB" or "SSI-Related" Category -- NON-MAGI - See this chart for their household size. These same rules apply to the Medicare Savings Program, with some exceptions explained in this article.

Everyone else -- MAGI - All children and adults under age 65, including people with disabilities who are not yet on Medicare -- this is the new "MAGI" population. Their household size will be determined using federal income tax rules, which are very complicated. New rule is explained in State's directive 13 ADM-03 - Medicaid Eligibility Changes under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 (PDF) pp. 8-10 of the PDF, This PowerPoint by NYLAG on MAGI Budgeting attempts to explain the new MAGI budgeting, including how to determine the Household Size. See slides 28-49.

Also seeLegal Aid Society and Empire Justice Center materials OLD RULE used until end of 2013 -- Count the person(s) applying for Medicaid who live together, plus any of their legally responsible relatives who do not receive SNA, ADC, or SSI and reside with an applicant/recipient. Spouses or legally responsible for one another, and parents are legally responsible for their children under age 21 (though if the child is disabled, use the rule in the 1st "DAB" category. Under this rule, a child may be excluded from the household if that child's income causes other family members to lose Medicaid eligibility. See 18 NYCRR 360-4.2, MRG p. 573, NYS GIS 2000 MA-007 CAUTION.

Different people in the same household may be in different "categories" and hence have different household sizes AND Medicaid income and resource limits. If a man is age 67 and has Medicare and his wife is age 62 and not disabled or blind, the husband's household size for Medicaid is determined under Category 1/ Non-MAGI above and his wife's is under Category 2/MAGI. The following programs were available prior to 2014, but are now discontinued because they are folded into MAGI Medicaid. Prenatal Care Assistance Program (PCAP) was Medicaid for pregnant women and children under age 19, with higher income limits for pregnant woman and infants under one year (200% FPL for pregnant women receiving perinatal coverage only not full Medicaid) than for children ages 1-18 (133% FPL). Medicaid for adults between ages 21-65 who are not disabled and without children under 21 in the household.

It was sometimes known as "S/CC" category for Singles and Childless Couples. This category had lower income limits than DAB/ADC-related, but had no asset limits. It did not allow "spend down" of excess income. This category has now been subsumed under the new MAGI adult group whose limit is now raised to 138% FPL. Family Health Plus - this was an expansion of Medicaid to families with income up to 150% FPL and for childless adults up to 100% FPL.

This has now been folded into the new MAGI adult group whose limit is 138% FPL. For applicants between 138%-150% FPL, they will be eligible for a new program where Medicaid will subsidize their purchase of Qualified Health Plans on the Exchange.

The New York State Department of Health (DOH) has issued additional directives outlining the new procedures for Medicaid applications and ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland renewals click here to read under the Affordable Care Act, effective in 2014. For newest directives scroll to the bottom of this page. 1.

13 ADM-04 ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland - Medicaid Application and Renewal Processing for Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) Eligibility Groups (Dec. 4, 2013) PDF Links to the appendix (which is just a list of the attachments) and ten attachments that accompany it available a. Http://www.health.ny.gov/health_care/medicaid/publications/pub2013adm.htm "This ADM advises local districts of the referral process for applicants in a Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) eligibility group to New York State of Health (NYSOH), New York’s Health Insurance Marketplace, and the requirements for determining or renewing Medicaid eligibility for certain individuals using MAGI-like budgeting rules.

This directive also informs districts of the actions the State will take to transition Family Health Plus (FHPlus) Single Individuals and Childless ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Couples to coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) effective January 1, 2014, and advises districts of special instructions for processing Medicaid referrals from NYSOH for coverage/payment of medical bills in the three-month retroactive period.” NYC HRA has also issued a directive re applications procedures - see Important Changes in Medicaid Application Submissions -MAGI and Non-MAGI (Dec. 24, 2013) 2. 13 ADM-03 - Medicaid Eligibility Changes under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 (PDF) This directive outlines the changes to Medicaid eligibility that become effective January 1, 2014 under the ACA.

13 ADM-03 describes "expanded Medicaid coverage under the ACA, a new method for counting household income based on modified adjusted gross income (MAGI), Medicaid benefits under the ACA and Medicaid enrollment in New York's ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Health Benefit Exchange." The directive contains several attachments, including these desk aids explaining - MAGI Eligibility Groups and Income Levels (Attachment 1) - MAGI and Non-MAGI Eligibility Groups (Attachment 2) and - the notice to households whose applications are being referred to the local district for non-MAGI processing. (Attachment 3) 3. GIS 13 MA/021 Renewal Processing for MAGI Eligibility Groups Beginning January 2014 (PDF) (11/15/2013) 4.

GIS 13/MA/022 2014 Medicaid Only Income and Resource Levels and ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Spousal Impoverishment Standards PDF Attachment 1 - Annual and monthly income and resource limits for "non-MAGI" population - Attachment 2 - Explains what income limits -- usually a percentage of the Federal Poverty Level -- apply to different categories of people, for use with Attachment 1 of same GIS. 5. GIS 14/MA-007 Update on Self-Employment Policy for MAGI-like Budgeting (3/21/2014) 6.

GIS ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland 14 MA/016. Long Term Care Eligibility Rules and Estate Recovery Provisions for MAGI Individuals 7. GIS 14 MA/022 - Medicaid Eligibility for Pregnant Minors PDF (7/1/2014) 8.

2014 LCM-02 - ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Medicaid Recipients Transferred at Renewal from New York State of Health to Local Departments of Social Services (Dec. 1, 2014) 9. GIS 15 MA/008 - Treatment of Income of Dependents Under MAGI-like Rules (4/9/2015) Child's Social Security or other income may be disregarded from household income, depending on amount and type of income.

UPDATED ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland 2018 - click here 10. GIS 15 MA/022 - Continuous Coverage for MAGI Individuals (12/23/15) PDF Attachment 1 Announces that beginning January 1, 2016, 12-month continuous coverage protections will no longer be extended to MAGI recipients who turn 65. Clarifies that "MAGI-like" category -- those who fall into a MAGI category but are getting their Medicaid coverage through their LDSS or HRA -- are entitled to the same 12-month continuous coverage protections as MAGIs (people who fall into a MAGI category and are getting their coverage through the Marketplace).

Some people must get coverage through their LDSS because they need long ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland term care such as home care, a waiver program, or nursing home care. They are eligible for these services with MAGI eligibility- see GIS 14 MA/016 above- but need eligibility processed by the local district. 11.

GIS 15 MA/020 - IRS Tax Form 1095-B Guidance PDF Attachment 1 Attachment 2 Explains form sent to MAGI Medicaid recipients to prove they are enrolled in Medicaid so they are not charged with a tax penalty charged to those who did not enroll in a health insurance plan - ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland under the ACA 12. 2016 LCM-01 - Transitioning MAGI Consumers from WMS to NY State of Health - attachments at this link 13. 16 ADM-01 - Transitioning Essential Plan Consumers from WMS to NY State of Health PDF -- read more about the Essential Plan here 14.

GIS 16 MA/004 -Referrals from NY State of Health to Local Departments of Social Services for Individuals who Turn Age 65 and Instructions for Referrals for Essential ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Plan Consumers (PDF) -- read more about the Essential Plan here 15. GIS 17 MA/011. Treatment of Federal Income Tax Refunds and Advanced Payments PDF 17.

GIS 19 MA/11 – Changes to Countable Income for Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) Based Eligibility Determinations (PDF) ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Alimony changes - how treated under MAGI rules. Alimony received under a divorce or separation agreement finalized AFTER 12/31/2018 NOT countable as income. If finalized BEFORE that date it IS countable as income.

Alimony PAID ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland under agreement finalized before 12/31/18 is deductible from income. If paid under agreement finalized after that date, it IS NOT deductible from income. Lottery and Gambling winnings - if over $80,000, now countable as income over several months or years depending on amount received.

Countable solely for the individual who received the winnings ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. The NHeLP Advocates Guide to MAGI (updated 2018) has more info about the changes in how lottery winnings are treated under changes enacted in 2018. The changes are meant to disqualify winners from MAGI by creating an exception to the rules that normally exempt non-recurring lump sums.

See more about lump sums in ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland the SNT outline posted in this article. Also view webinars on Lump Sum impact on benefits, including MAGI Medicaid. Attachment (PDF) List of Non-Taxable Income Sources Excluded from Gross Income for MAGIBudgeting," (corrects and amends attachmentpreviously distributed as Attachment IV to 13 ADM-04) 18.

2021-09-27 Transition ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland some MAGI-Like cases DSS/HRA to NYSofHealth NYC Medicaid Alert. Transitioning of MAGI-Like Medicaid Cases from DSS/HRA Medicaid to NY State of Health Exchange. Since the New York State of Health was introduced in 2014, it has been responsible for all MAGI Medicaid cases.

However, there were many Medicaid consumers with MAGI-like ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland budgeting who were found eligible before January 1st, 2014. Their cases have remained with HRA until they could be transitioned. Those consumers were to be transitioned in phases and the first transition began in June 2018.

NYS has ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland resumed the transition and approx. 158,600 individuals transitioned between April 2021 through July 2021. The alert details which groups of MAGI recipients were transitioned and those who will not be transitioned.

Clients will not be required to renew their coverage ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland in NYSOH until after the asthma treatment Health Emergency ends. This site provides general information only. This is not legal advice.

You can only obtain legal ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland advice from a lawyer. In addition, your use of this site does not create an attorney-client relationship. To contact a lawyer, visit http://lawhelp.org/ny.

We make every effort to ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland keep these materials and links up-to-date and in accordance with New York City, New York state and federal law. However, we do not guarantee the accuracy of this information. To report a dead link or other website-related problem, please e-mail us.NYS updated the 2021 levels with GIS 21 MA/06 -with the 2021 Federal Poverty Levels (April 2021) Here is the 2021 HRA Income and Resources Level Chart Non-MAGI - 2021 Disabled, 65+ or Blind ("DAB" or SSI-Related) and have Medicare MAGI (2021)* (<.

65, Does not have Medicare)(OR has Medicare and has dependent child < ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. 18 or <. 19 in school) 138% FPL*** Children <.

5 and pregnant women have HIGHER LIMITS than shown ESSENTIAL PLAN* For MAGI-eligible people over MAGI income ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland limit up to 200% FPL No long term care. See info here 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 Income $884 (up from $875 in 2020) $1300 (up from $1,284 in 2020) $1,482 $2,004 $2,526 $2,146 $2,903 Resources $15,900 (up from $15,750 in 2020) $23,400 (up from $23,100 in 2020) NO LIMIT** NO LIMIT 2020 levels are in GIS 19 MA/12 – 2020 Medicaid Levels and Other Updates and attachments here * MAGI and ESSENTIAL plan levels are based on Federal Poverty Levels, which are not released until later in 2021. 2020 levels are used until then.

NEED TO KNOW PAST MEDICAID ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland INCOME AND RESOURCE LEVELS?. WHAT IS THE HOUSEHOLD SIZE?. See rules here.

HOW TO READ THE HRA Medicaid Levels chart - Boxes 1 and 2 are NON-MAGI Income and Resource levels -- Age 65+, Blind or Disabled and other adults who need to use "spend-down" because they are ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland over the MAGI income levels. Box 10 on page 3 are the MAGI income levels -- The Affordable Care Act changed the rules for Medicaid income eligibility for many BUT NOT ALL New Yorkers. People in the "MAGI" category - those NOT on Medicare -- have expanded eligibility up to 138% of the Federal Poverty Line, so may now qualify for Medicaid even if they were not eligible before, or may now be eligible for Medicaid without a "spend-down." They have NO resource limit.

Box 3 on page 1 is Spousal Impoverishment levels for ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Managed Long Term Care &. Nursing Homes and Box 8 has the Transfer Penalty rates for nursing home eligibility Box 4 has Medicaid Buy-In for Working People with Disabilities Under Age 65 (still 2017 levels til April 2018) Box 6 are Medicare Savings Program levels (will be updated in April 2018) MAGI INCOME LEVEL of 138% FPL applies to most adults who are not disabled and who do not have Medicare, AND can also apply to adults with Medicare if they have a dependent child/relative under age 18 or under 19 if in school. 42 C.F.R.

§ 435.4 ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. Certain populations have an even higher income limit - 224% FPL for pregnant women and babies <. Age 1, 154% FPL for children age 1 - 19.

CAUTION ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. What is counted as income may not be what you think. For the NON-MAGI Disabled/Aged 65+/Blind, income will still be determined by the same rules as before, explained in this outline and these charts on income disregards.

However, for the MAGI population - which is virtually everyone under age 65 who is not on Medicare - their income will now be determined under new rules, based on federal income tax concepts - called "Modifed Adjusted Gross ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland Income" (MAGI). There are good changes and bad changes. GOOD.

Veteran's benefits, Workers compensation, and ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland gifts from family or others no longer count as income. BAD. There is no more "spousal" or parental refusal for this population (but there still is for the Disabled/Aged/Blind.) and some other rules.

For all of the rules see ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland. ALSO SEE 2018 Manual on Lump Sums and Impact on Public Benefits - with resource rules HOW TO DETERMINE SIZE OF HOUSEHOLD TO IDENTIFY WHICH INCOME LIMIT APPLIES The income limits increase with the "household size." In other words, the income limit for a family of 5 may be higher than the income limit for a single person. HOWEVER, Medicaid rules about how to calculate the household size are not intuitive or even logical.

There are different rules depending on the "category" ventolin nebules for salecan i buy ventolin over the counter in ireland of the person seeking Medicaid. Here are the 2 basic categories and the rules for calculating their household size. People who are Disabled, Aged 65+ or Blind - "DAB" or "SSI-Related" Category -- NON-MAGI - See this chart for their household size.

These same rules apply to the Medicare Savings Program, with some exceptions explained in this article. Everyone else -- MAGI - All children and adults under age 65, including people with disabilities who are not yet on Medicare -- this is the new "MAGI" population. Their household size will be determined using federal income tax rules, which are very complicated.

New rule is explained in State's directive 13 ADM-03 - Medicaid Eligibility Changes under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 (PDF) pp. 8-10 of the PDF, This PowerPoint by NYLAG on MAGI Budgeting attempts to explain the new MAGI budgeting, including how to determine the Household Size. See slides 28-49.

Also seeLegal Aid Society and Empire Justice Center materials OLD RULE used until end of 2013 -- Count the person(s) applying for Medicaid who live together, plus any of their legally responsible relatives who do not receive SNA, ADC, or SSI and reside with an applicant/recipient. Spouses or legally responsible for one another, and parents are legally responsible for their children under age 21 (though if the child is disabled, use the rule in the 1st "DAB" category. Under this rule, a child may be excluded from the household if that child's income causes other family members to lose Medicaid eligibility.

See 18 NYCRR 360-4.2, MRG p. 573, NYS GIS 2000 MA-007 CAUTION. Different people in the same household may be in different "categories" and hence have different household sizes AND Medicaid income and resource limits.

If a man is age 67 and has Medicare and his wife is age 62 and not disabled or blind, the husband's household size for Medicaid is determined under Category 1/ Non-MAGI above and his wife's is under Category 2/MAGI. The following programs were available prior to 2014, but are now discontinued because they are folded into MAGI Medicaid. Prenatal Care Assistance Program (PCAP) was Medicaid for pregnant women and children under age 19, with higher income limits for pregnant woman and infants under one year (200% FPL for pregnant women receiving perinatal coverage only not full Medicaid) than for children ages 1-18 (133% FPL).

Medicaid for adults between ages 21-65 who are not disabled and without children under 21 in the household. It was sometimes known as "S/CC" category for Singles and Childless Couples. This category had lower income limits than DAB/ADC-related, but had no asset limits.

It did not allow "spend down" of excess income. This category has now been subsumed under the new MAGI adult group whose limit is now raised to 138% FPL. Family Health Plus - this was an expansion of Medicaid to families with income up to 150% FPL and for childless adults up to 100% FPL.

How often should i take ventolin

Jails are staples of local communities and tend to have people coming and going more quickly how often should i take ventolin than i loved this prisons. Jails can hold everyone from people awaiting criminal trials for months to those picked up for a suspended driver’s license for a few hours. With so many people filtering in and out, jails pose extra risks for the ventolin’s spread — not only inside facilities but in potentially feeding outbreaks in the rest of the community.Nationally, jails and prisons have seen disproportionate rates of and death, with a mortality rate twice as high as in the general population and an rate more than four times as high, according to recent data. #styln-briefing-block { how often should i take ventolin font-family.

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The asthma Outbreak 37m ago Europe’s museums are open, but the public isn’t coming. 1h ago More European countries put limits on gatherings, indoors and out. 3h ago A treatment that has not completed clinical trials finds strong demand in China. See more updates More live coverage.

Markets A New York Times database has tracked clusters of at least 50 asthma cases in a dozen rural jails in Montana, Idaho, Utah and New Mexico during the ventolin. Among them. The Purgatory Correctional Center in Hurricane, Utah, with 166 s. The jail in Twin Falls, Idaho, with 279.

And, in New Mexico, the Cibola County Correctional Center, which has reported 357 cases.In Cascade County, s at the jail make up about a quarter of all known ventolin cases in the county. Health authorities say that the jail’s outbreak, which began in mid-August, was not believed to be the main cause of the community’s recent surge, but that it had led to some cases. In the past two months, Mr. Krogue said, the jail released 29 people who were considered actively infected.s at the jail make up about a quarter of Cascade County’s known ventolin cases.Credit...Tailyr Irvine for The New York TimesGreat Falls, home to about 58,000 residents, is in the less mountainous part of Montana, with the Missouri River flowing through and a large oil refinery on its banks.

The Cascade County Detention Center sits along a highway at the edge of town. Drive five miles in any direction and you are surrounded by wide-open plains.Montana requires that masks be worn inside businesses and indoor public spaces, and many people in Great Falls wear them when walking around downtown’s Central Avenue, where shops and cafes are still recovering from shutting down in the spring. Others go without masks, citing the open space and lack of crowds.Bob Kelly, the mayor, said people had not been overly worried about how the jail outbreak might affect the rest of town when it started.“I think that by the very definition of a jail, hopefully, the disease will be incarcerated, as well as the patients,” he said. €œIs there concern?.

Sure, there’s concern. But is there overreaction?. No.”The mayor of Great Falls said that residents had considered the jail’s outbreak a distant concern at first.Credit...Tailyr Irvine for The New York TimesSome residents’ nonchalance about the risks of the ventolin, said Mr. Krogue, the jail’s medical director, can be traced to a spring and early summer when almost no one in Cascade County knew anyone who had been sickened.“We benefited from that early on,” he said.

€œBut in some ways, I think it did us a disservice, too, because it also created a certain level of complacency.”That has quickly shifted now, he said, as cases have spiked.The number of active cases known to county officials on any given day has risen sharply to about 600, according to Trisha Gardner, Cascade County’s health officer. The county has seen 1,261 cases and six deaths during the ventolin, a Times database shows. Some of the cases have been tied to the jail outbreak, she said, and others have been connected to bars and restaurants. Even figuring out what has led to some cases has been complex, she said, as residents have been reluctant to cooperate with contact tracers.“Our hospitals are at capacity, our public health system is at capacity,” she said.

€œIt’s not sustainable at this rate.”When the outbreak at the jail began, social distancing was impossible, the authorities said. Three inmates shared cells designed for two. At night, men slept on thin blue pads in every available space. On the floor in the day room, in shower stalls, in stairwells, in hallways outside of cells.Inmates did not receive masks until August, and jail officials said many have refused to wear them.In interviews with more than a dozen inmates and their family members, inmates described the jail during the outbreak as chaotic and unsanitary.

They said their pleas for help often went unanswered by nurses and guards.Newly arriving inmates were not always quarantined from one another before their test results were known because of a lack of space, inmates and jail officials said.Owen Hawley, 30, said every inmate in his living area of 38 men had tested positive for the ventolin. He said he had been unable to eat for three days, had intensive body aches and suffered from a headache so powerful it felt as if it was “behind my eyes.”“After the fourth day of like, not eating and stuff, I just shut off, you know?. € he said.A jail area set aside for quarantining new inmates.Credit...Tailyr Irvine for The New York TimesAt one point, Mr. Hawley said, he and other prisoners protested the way the ventolin was being handled by refusing to leave their living areas and by blocking new inmates from entering.

Everyone was ultimately tested, Mr. Hawley said, and each prisoner was given a disposable mask.Sierra Jasmine Wells, 25, another inmate, said women in her dormitory had grown ill, one after the next.“Everyone around me was getting sick and it was tough on me,” she said. €œBy then, I had already accepted the fact that I was going to get sick.”When she became infected, she said, she was given cough syrup and Tylenol.“I kind of was just left alone to deal with it,” she said.Jesse Slaughter, the county sheriff who oversees the jail, said that the jail’s medical staff was doing everything it could, and that he had been seeking health care assistance from other counties. Officials defended their handling of the outbreak, noting that all inmates received standard medications including Tylenol twice a day and were taken to area hospitals when they needed added care.

Seven inmates, as well as some staff members, were hospitalized. No one from the jail has died from the ventolin, officials said.Sheriff Jesse Slaughter, who oversees the jail, said he had been seeking health care assistance from other counties.Credit...Tailyr Irvine for The New York TimesMr. Krogue said that since the start of the outbreak he had been working up to 16 hours each day and sleeping in his basement, away from his wife and children. He remains healthy but says he fears bringing the ventolin home.

The ventolin has slowed some in the jail, and officials have moved some inmates to other facilities, but other prisons and jails in the state are now seeing outbreaks.“You can start to see what some of these other places experienced much earlier on, and we just didn’t have that experience, but it’s certainly happening now,” Mr. Krogue said. €œIt’s just real in a way that it wasn’t.”Lucy Tompkins reported from Great Falls, Maura Turcotte from Chicago and Libby Seline from Lincoln, Neb. Reporting was contributed by Izzy Colón from Columbia, Mo., Brendon Derr from Phoenix, Rebecca Griesbach from Tuscaloosa, Ala., Danya Issawi and Timothy Williams from New York, Ann Hinga Klein from Des Moines, K.B.

Mensah from Silver Spring, Md., and Mitch Smith from Chicago.Start Preamble Federal Transit Administration (FTA), DOT. Notice of funding opportunity. The asthma Disease 2019 (asthma treatment) public health emergency Start Printed Page 63654has had a significant impact on transit operations. During a series of FTA listening sessions held over the last three months, transit agencies asked FTA to support research to identify solutions to address the operational challenges that they are facing as a result of asthma treatment.

In response, FTA makes available through this Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) funding to support research demonstration grants to public transit agencies to develop, deploy, and demonstrate innovative solutions that improve the operational efficiency of transit agencies, as well as enhance the mobility of transit users affected by the asthma treatment public health emergency. Demonstration grants under this NOFO are authorized under FTA's Public Transportation Innovation Program (49 U.S.C. 5312). Eligible projects will demonstrate innovative solutions to improve the operational efficiencies of transit systems and enhance mobility for their communities in four major areas.

(1) Vehicle, facility, equipment and infrastructure cleaning and dis. (2) exposure mitigation measures. (3) innovative mobility such as contactless payments. And (4) measures that strengthen public confidence in transit services.

The total funding available for awards under this NOFO is $10,000,000. FTA may supplement this amount if additional funding becomes available. Applicants must submit completed proposals for funding opportunity FTA-2020-015-TRI through the GRANTS.GOV “APPLY” function by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time how to get ventolin without a doctor on November 2, 2020.

Prospective applicants should register as soon as possible on the GRANTS.GOV website to ensure they can complete the application process before the submission deadline. Application instructions are available on FTA's website at http://transit.dot.gov/​howtoapply and in the “FIND” module of GRANTS.GOV. FTA will not accept mail and fax submissions. Start Further Info Please send any questions on this notice to Jamel El-Hamri email.

Jamel.El-Hamri@dot.gov phone. 2020-366-8985. A Telecommunication Device for the Deaf (TDD) is available for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing at 1-800-877-8339. End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information Table of Contents A.

Program Description B. Federal Award Information C. Eligibility Information D. Application and Submission Information E.

Application Review Information F. Federal Award Administration Information G. Federal Awarding Agency Contact Information A. Program Description The Public Transportation asthma treatment Research Demonstration Grant Program is funded through the Public Transportation Innovation Program (49 U.S.C.

5312), with the goal to develop, deploy, and demonstrate innovative solutions that improve the operational efficiency of transit agencies, as well as enhance the mobility of transit users affected by the asthma treatment public health emergency. Eligible projects will propose to develop and deploy innovative solutions in four major areas. (1) Vehicle, facility, equipment and infrastructure cleaning and dis. (2) exposure mitigation measures.

(3) innovative mobility such as contactless payments. And (4) measures that strengthen public confidence in transit. As required by 49 U.S.C. 5312(e)(4), projects funded under this NOFO must participate in an evaluation by an independent outside entity that will conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the success or failure of the projects funded under this subsection and any plan for broad-based implementation of the innovation promoted by successful projects.

B. Federal Award Information FTA makes available $10,000,000 in fiscal year (FY) 2020 funds under the Public Transportation Innovation Program (49 U.S.C. 5312) to finance the Public Transportation asthma treatment Research Demonstration Grant Program. FTA may supplement the total funds available if additional funding becomes available at the time project selections are made.

FTA will grant pre-award authority starting on the date of the project award announcement for selected projects and should be completed within 24 months from the date of award. Funds are available only for eligible expenses incurred after the announcement of project selections. C. Eligibility Information (1) Eligible Applicants Eligible applicants include State and local governmental authorities, direct recipients of Urbanized Area (49 U.S.C.

5307) and Rural Area (49 U.S.C. 5311) formula funds, and Indian tribes. Eligible applicants are limited to FTA grantees or subrecipients who would be the primary beneficiaries of the innovative products and services that are developed—typically public transit agencies. Except for projects proposed by Indian tribes, proposals for projects in rural (non-urbanized) areas must be submitted as part of a consolidated State proposal.

States and other eligible applicants also may submit consolidated proposals for projects in urbanized areas. The submission of the Statewide application will not preclude the submission and consideration of any application from other eligible recipients in an urbanized area in a State. Proposals may contain projects to be implemented by the recipient or its subrecipients. Eligible subrecipients include public agencies, private nonprofit organizations, and private providers engaged in public transportation.

Eligible applicants may submit consolidated proposals for projects. (2) Cost Sharing or Matching The maximum Federal share of project costs is 100 percent. FTA may give additional consideration to applicants that propose a local share and may view these applicants as more competitive. The applicant must document the source(s) of the local match, if any, in the grant application.

For any applicants proposing match, eligible local match sources include the following. Cash from non-Government sources other than revenues from providing public transportation services. Revenues derived from the sale of advertising and concessions. Revenues generated from value capture financing mechanisms.

Funds from an undistributed cash surplus. Replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve. New capital. Or in-kind contributions.

(3) Eligible Projects Eligible projects will propose innovative solutions to improve operational efficiencies of transit agencies and enhance the mobility of transit users, through projects that demonstrate innovative solutions for. Vehicle, facility, equipment and infrastructure cleaning and dis. Exposure mitigation measures such a real-time notification of rail and bus passenger loads. New multi-modal payment innovative mobility systems such as contactless payments.

And measures that strengthen public confidence in transit. Each applicant may only submit one proposal.Start Printed Page 63655 D. Application and Submission Information (1) Address and Form of Application Submission Applications must be submitted through GRANTS.GOV. Applicants can find general information for submitting applications through GRANTS.GOV at www.fta.dot.gov/​howtoapply, along with specific instructions for the forms and attachments required for submission.

Mail and fax submissions will not be accepted. (2) Content and Form of Application Submission a. Proposal Submission A complete proposal submission consists of at least two forms. 1.

The SF-424 Mandatory Form (downloadable from GRANTS.GOV) and 2. The supplemental form for the FY 2020 asthma treatment Demonstration Program (downloadable from GRANTS.GOV), which is available on FTA's website at (placeholder for FTA asthma treatment Demonstration Program). The application must include responses to all sections of the SF-424 mandatory form and the supplemental form unless a section is indicated as optional. FTA will use the information on the supplemental form to determine applicant and project eligibility for the program and to evaluate the proposal against the selection criteria described in part E of this notice.

FTA will accept only one supplemental form per SF-424 submission. FTA encourages applicants to consider submitting a single supplemental form that includes multiple activities to be evaluated as a consolidated proposal. Applicants may attach additional supporting information to the SF-424 submission, including but not limited to letters of support, project budgets, or excerpts from relevant planning documents. Supporting documentation must be described and referenced by file name in the appropriate response section of the supplemental form, or it may not be reviewed.

Information such as applicant name, Federal amount requested, local match amount, description of areas served, etc., may be requested in varying degrees of detail on both the SF-424 form and supplemental form. Applicants must fill in all fields unless stated otherwise on the forms. If applicants copy information into the supplemental form from another source, they should verify that the supplemental form has fully captured pasted text and that it has not truncated the text due to character limits built into the form. Applicants should use both the “Check Package for Errors” and the “Validate Form” validation buttons on both forms to check all required fields.

Applicants should also ensure that the Federal and local amounts specified are consistent. Addressing the deteriorating conditions and disproportionately high fatality rates on our rural transportation infrastructure is of critical interest to the Department, as rural transportation networks face unique challenges in safety, infrastructure condition, and passenger and freight usage. Consistent with the R.O.U.T.E.S. Initiative, the Department encourages applicants to consider how the project will address the challenges faced by rural areas.

B. Application Content The SF-424 Mandatory Form and the supplemental form will prompt applicants for the required information, including. I. Applicant Name ii.

Dun and Bradstreet (D&B) Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number iii. Key contact information (contact name, address, email address, and phone number) iv. Congressional district(s) where project will take place v. Project Information (title, executive summary, and type) vi.

A detailed description of the need for the project vii. A detailed description of how the project will support the Program objectives viii. Evidence that the applicant can provide the local cost shares ix. A description of the technical, legal, and financial capacity of the applicant x.

A detailed project budget xi. Details on the local matching funds xii. A detailed project timeline xiii. Whether the project impacts an Opportunity Zone (3) Unique Entity Identifier and System for Award Management (SAM) Each applicant is required to.

(1) Be registered in SAM before submitting an application. (2) provide a valid unique entity identifier in its application. And (3) continue to maintain an active SAM registration with current information at all times during which the applicant has an active Federal award or an application or plan under consideration by FTA. These requirements do not apply if the applicant.

(1) Is excepted from the requirements under 2 CFR 25.110(b) or (c). Or (2) has an exception approved by FTA under 2 CFR 25.110(d). FTA may not make an award until the applicant has complied with all applicable unique entity identifier and SAM requirements. If an applicant has not fully complied with the requirements by the time FTA is ready to make an award, FTA may determine that the applicant is not qualified to receive an award and use that determination as a basis for making a Federal award to another applicant.

All applicants must provide a unique entity identifier provided by SAM. Registration in SAM may take as little as 3-5 business days, but there can be unexpected steps or delays. For example, the applicant may need to obtain an Employer Identification Number. FTA recommends allowing ample time, up to several weeks, to complete all steps.

For additional information on obtaining a unique entity identifier, please visit www.sam.gov. (4) Submission Dates and Times Project proposals must be submitted electronically through GRANTS.GOV by 11:59 p.m. Eastern on November 2, 2020. Mail and fax submissions will not be accepted.

FTA urges applicants to submit applications at least 72 hours prior to the due date to allow time to correct any problems that may have caused either GRANTS.GOV or FTA systems to reject the submission. Proposals submitted after the deadline will only be considered under extraordinary circumstances not within the applicant's control. Deadlines will not be extended due to scheduled website maintenance. GRANTS.GOV scheduled maintenance and outage times are announced on the GRANTS.GOV website.

Within 48 hours after submitting an electronic application, the applicant should receive two email messages from GRANTS.GOV. (1) Confirmation of successful transmission to GRANTS.GOV. And (2) confirmation of successful validation by GRANTS.GOV. If the applicant does not receive confirmation of successful validation or receives a notice of failed validation or incomplete materials, the applicant must address the reason for the failed validation, as described in the email notice, and resubmit before the submission deadline.

If making a resubmission for any reason, applicants must include all original attachments regardless of which attachments were updated and check the box on the supplemental form indicating this is a resubmission. Applicants are encouraged to begin the process of registration on the GRANTS.GOV site well in advance of the submission deadline. Registration is Start Printed Page 63656a multi-step process, which may take several weeks to complete before an application can be submitted. Registered applicants may still be required to update their registration before submitting an application.

Registration in SAM is renewed annually and persons making submissions on behalf of the Authorized Organization Representative (AOR) must be authorized in GRANTS.GOV by the AOR to make submissions. (5) Funding Restrictions Funds may be used for post-award expenditures only. Funds under this NOFO cannot be used to reimburse projects for otherwise eligible expenses incurred prior to the date of project award announcements. (6) Other Submission Requirements FTA encourages applicants to identify scaled funding options in case insufficient funding is available to fund a project at the full requested amount.

If an applicant indicates that a project is scalable, the applicant must provide an appropriate minimum funding amount that will fund an eligible project that achieves the objectives of the program and meets all relevant program requirements. The applicant must provide a clear explanation of how a reduced award would affect the project budget and scope. FTA may award a lesser amount whether or not the applicant provides a scalable option. E.

Application Review Information (1) Project Evaluation Criteria Addressing the deteriorating conditions and disproportionately high fatality rates on our rural transportation infrastructure is of critical interest to the Department, as rural transportation networks face unique challenges in safety, infrastructure condition, and passenger and freight usage. Consistent with the R.O.U.T.E.S. Initiative, the Department will consider how the project will address the challenges faced by rural areas. In addition, the Department will review and consider applications for funding pursuant to this Notice in accordance with the President's September 2, 2020 memorandum, entitled Memorandum on Reviewing Funding to State and Local Government Recipients of Federal Funds that Are Permitting Anarchy, Violence, and Destruction in American Cities, consistent with guidance from the Office of Management and Budget and the Attorney General and with all applicable laws.

FTA will evaluate proposals submitted according to the following criteria. (a) Project Innovation and Impact. (b) Project Approach. (c) National Applicability.

(d) Commercialization and/or Knowledge Transfer. And (e) Technical, Legal and Financial Capacity. FTA encourages each applicant to demonstrate how a project supports all criteria with the most relevant information the applicant can provide, regardless of whether such information has been specifically requested or identified in this notice. A.

Project Innovation and Impact i. Effectiveness of the project in achieving and demonstrating the specific objectives of this program. Ii. Demonstration of benefits in addressing the needs of the transit agency and industry and impacts to infrastructure, equipment, transit workforce, and riders.

Iii. Degree of improvement over current and existing technologies, designs, and/or practices applicable to the transit industry. B. Project Approach i.

Quality of the project approach such as existing partnerships, collaboration strategies and level of commitment of the project partners. Ii. Proposal is realistic in its approach to fulfill the milestones/deliverables, schedule and goals. C.

National Applicability i. Degree to which the project could be replicated by other transit agencies regionally or nationally. Ii. Ability to evaluate technologies, designs and/or practices in a wide variety of conditions and locales.

Iii. Degree to which the technology, designs and/or practices can be replicated by other transportation modes. D. Commercialization and/or Knowledge Transfer i.

Demonstrates a realistic plan for moving the results of the project into the transit marketplace (patents, conferences, articles in trade magazines, webinar, site visits, etc.). Ii. How the project team plans to work with the industry on improving best practices, guidance and/or standards, if applicable. Iii.

Demonstrate a clear understanding and robust approach to data collection, access and management. E. Technical, Legal and Financial Capacity Capacity of the applicant and any partners to successfully execute the project effort. There should be no outstanding legal, technical, or financial issues with the applicant that would make this a high-risk project.

(2) Review and Selection Process An FTA technical evaluation committee will evaluate proposals based on the published project evaluation criteria. Members of the technical evaluation committee will rate the applications and may seek clarification about any statement in an application. The FTA Administrator will determine the final selection and amount of funding for each project after consideration of the findings of the technical evaluation committee. Geographic diversity, diversity of the project type, the amount of local match to be provided, and the applicant's receipt and management of other Federal transit funds may be considered in FTA's award decisions.

Prior fare payment innovation efforts may receive priority consideration. The FTA Administrator will consider the following key DOT objectives. A. Utilizing alternative funding sources and innovative financing models to attract non-Federal sources of investment.

B. Whether the project is located in or supports public transportation service in a qualified opportunity zone designated pursuant to 26.U.S.C. 1400Z-1. And c.

The extent to which the project addresses challenges specific to the provision of rural public transportation. (3) FAPIIS Review Prior to making a grant award, FTA is required to review and consider any information about the applicant that is in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS) accessible through SAM. An applicant may review and comment on information about itself that a Federal awarding agency previously entered. FTA will consider any comments by the applicant, in addition to the other information in FAPIIS, in making a judgment about the applicant's integrity, business ethics, and record of performance under Federal awards when completing the review of risk posed by applicants as described in 2 CFR 200.205 Federal Awarding Agency Review of Risk Posed by Applicants.

F. Federal Award Administration Information (1) Federal Award Notices FTA will announce the final project selections on the FTA website. Project recipients should contact their FTA Regional Office for additional information regarding allocations for Start Printed Page 63657projects. At the time project selections are announced, FTA will extend pre-award authority for the selected projects.

There is no blanket pre-award authority for these projects before announcement. There is no minimum or maximum grant award amount, but FTA intends to fund as many meritorious projects as possible. FTA only will consider proposals from eligible recipients for eligible activities. Due to funding limitations, projects selected for funding may receive less than the amount originally requested.

In those cases, applicants must be able to demonstrate that the proposed projects are still viable and can be completed with the amount awarded. (2) Administrative and National Policy Requirements a. Pre-Award Authority FTA will issue specific guidance to recipients regarding pre-award authority at the time of selection. FTA does not provide pre-award authority for competitive funds until projects are selected, and there are Federal requirements that must be met before costs are incurred.

For more information about FTA's policy on pre-award authority, see the FY 2020 Apportionments Notice published on June 3, 2020, at https://www.govinfo.gov/​content/​pkg/​FR-2020-06-03/​pdf/​2020-11946.pdf. b. Grant Requirements Selected applicants will submit a grant application through FTA's electronic grant management system and adhere to the customary FTA grant requirements for research project (insert Circular name). All competitive grants, regardless of award amount, will be subject to the Congressional notification and release process.

FTA emphasizes that third-party procurement applies to all funding awards, as described in FTA Circular 4220.1F, “Third Party Contracting Guidance.” However, FTA may approve applications that include a specifically identified partnering organization(s) (2 CFR 200.302(f)). When included, the application, budget, and budget narrative should provide a clear understanding of how the selection of these organizations is critical for the project and give sufficient detail about the costs involved. C. Planning FTA encourages applicants to engage the appropriate State Departments of Transportation, Regional Transportation Planning Organizations, or Metropolitan Planning Organizations in areas to be served by the project funds available under this program.

D. Standard Assurances The applicant assures that it will comply with all applicable Federal statutes, regulations, executive orders, FTA circulars, and other Federal administrative requirements in carrying out any project supported by the FTA grant. The applicant acknowledges that it is under a continuing obligation to comply with the terms and conditions of the grant agreement issued for its project with FTA. The applicant understands that Federal laws, regulations, policies, and administrative practices might be modified from time to time and may affect the implementation of the project.

The applicant agrees that the most recent Federal requirements will apply to the project unless FTA issues a written determination otherwise. The applicant must submit the Certifications and Assurances before receiving a grant if it does not have current certifications on file. E.

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1024px) { #styln-briefing-block { width. 100%. } } Latest Updates. The asthma Outbreak 37m ago Europe’s museums are open, but the public isn’t coming. 1h ago More European countries put limits on gatherings, indoors and out.

3h ago A treatment that has not completed clinical trials finds strong demand in China. See more updates More live coverage. Markets A New York Times database has tracked clusters of at least 50 asthma cases in a dozen rural jails in Montana, Idaho, Utah and New Mexico during the ventolin. Among them. The Purgatory Correctional Center in Hurricane, Utah, with 166 s.

The jail in Twin Falls, Idaho, with 279. And, in New Mexico, the Cibola County Correctional Center, which has reported 357 cases.In Cascade County, s at the jail make up about a quarter of all known ventolin cases in the county. Health authorities say that the jail’s outbreak, which began in mid-August, was not believed to be the main cause of the community’s recent surge, but that it had led to some cases. In the past two months, Mr. Krogue said, the jail released 29 people who were considered actively infected.s at the jail make up about a quarter of Cascade County’s known ventolin cases.Credit...Tailyr Irvine for The New York TimesGreat Falls, home to about 58,000 residents, is in the less mountainous part of Montana, with the Missouri River flowing through and a large oil refinery on its banks.

The Cascade County Detention Center sits along a highway at the edge of town. Drive five miles in any direction and you are surrounded by wide-open plains.Montana requires that masks be worn inside businesses and indoor public spaces, and many people in Great Falls wear them when walking around downtown’s Central Avenue, where shops and cafes are still recovering from shutting down in the spring. Others go without masks, citing the open space and lack of crowds.Bob Kelly, the mayor, said people had not been overly worried about how the jail outbreak might affect the rest of town when it started.“I think that by the very definition of a jail, hopefully, the disease will be incarcerated, as well as the patients,” he said. €œIs there concern?. Sure, there’s concern.

But is there overreaction?. No.”The mayor of Great Falls said that residents had considered the jail’s outbreak a distant concern at first.Credit...Tailyr Irvine for The New York TimesSome residents’ nonchalance about the risks of the ventolin, said Mr. Krogue, the jail’s medical director, can be traced to a spring and early summer when almost no one in Cascade County knew anyone who had been sickened.“We benefited from that early on,” he said. €œBut in some ways, I think it did us a disservice, too, because it also created a certain level of complacency.”That has quickly shifted now, he said, as cases have spiked.The number of active cases known to county officials on any given day has risen sharply to about 600, according to Trisha Gardner, Cascade County’s health officer. The county has seen 1,261 cases and six deaths during the ventolin, a Times database shows.

Some of the cases have been tied to the jail outbreak, she said, and others have been connected to bars and restaurants. Even figuring out what has led to some cases has been complex, she said, as residents have been reluctant to cooperate with contact tracers.“Our hospitals are at capacity, our public health system is at capacity,” she said. €œIt’s not sustainable at this rate.”When the outbreak at the jail began, social distancing was impossible, the authorities said. Three inmates shared cells designed for two. At night, men slept on thin blue pads in every available space.

On the floor in the day room, in shower stalls, in stairwells, in hallways outside of cells.Inmates did not receive masks until August, and jail officials said many have refused to wear them.In interviews with more than a dozen inmates and their family members, inmates described the jail during the outbreak as chaotic and unsanitary. They said their pleas for help often went unanswered by nurses and guards.Newly arriving inmates were not always quarantined from one another before their test results were known because of a lack of space, inmates and jail officials said.Owen Hawley, 30, said every inmate in his living area of 38 men had tested positive for the ventolin. He said he had been unable to eat for three days, had intensive body aches and suffered from a headache so powerful it felt as if it was “behind my eyes.”“After the fourth day of like, not eating and stuff, I just shut off, you know?. € he said.A jail area set aside for quarantining new inmates.Credit...Tailyr Irvine for The New York TimesAt one point, Mr. Hawley said, he and other prisoners protested the way the ventolin was being handled by refusing to leave their living areas and by blocking new inmates from entering.

Everyone was ultimately tested, Mr. Hawley said, and each prisoner was given a disposable mask.Sierra Jasmine Wells, 25, another inmate, said women in her dormitory had grown ill, one after the next.“Everyone around me was getting sick and it was tough on me,” she said. €œBy then, I had already accepted the fact that I was going to get sick.”When she became infected, she said, she was given cough syrup and Tylenol.“I kind of was just left alone to deal with it,” she said.Jesse Slaughter, the county sheriff who oversees the jail, said that the jail’s medical staff was doing everything it could, and that he had been seeking health care assistance from other counties. Officials defended their handling of the outbreak, noting that all inmates received standard medications including Tylenol twice a day and were taken to area hospitals when they needed added care. Seven inmates, as well as some staff members, were hospitalized.

No one from the jail has died from the ventolin, officials said.Sheriff Jesse Slaughter, who oversees the jail, said he had been seeking health care assistance from other counties.Credit...Tailyr Irvine for The New York TimesMr. Krogue said that since the start of the outbreak he had been working up to 16 hours each day and sleeping in his basement, away from his wife and children. He remains healthy but says he fears bringing the ventolin home. The ventolin has slowed some in the jail, and officials have moved some inmates to other facilities, but other prisons and jails in the state are now seeing outbreaks.“You can start to see what some of these other places experienced much earlier on, and we just didn’t have that experience, but it’s certainly happening now,” Mr. Krogue said.

€œIt’s just real in a way that it wasn’t.”Lucy Tompkins reported from Great Falls, Maura Turcotte from Chicago and Libby Seline from Lincoln, Neb. Reporting was contributed by Izzy Colón from Columbia, Mo., Brendon Derr from Phoenix, Rebecca Griesbach from Tuscaloosa, Ala., Danya Issawi and Timothy Williams from New York, Ann Hinga Klein from Des Moines, K.B. Mensah from Silver Spring, Md., and Mitch Smith from Chicago.Start Preamble Federal Transit Administration (FTA), DOT. Notice of funding opportunity. The asthma Disease 2019 (asthma treatment) public health emergency Start Printed Page 63654has had a significant impact on transit operations.

During a series of FTA listening sessions held over the last three months, transit agencies asked FTA to support research to identify solutions to address the operational challenges that they are facing as a result of asthma treatment. In response, FTA makes available through this Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) funding to support research demonstration grants to public transit agencies to develop, deploy, and demonstrate innovative solutions that improve the operational efficiency of transit agencies, as well as enhance the mobility of transit users affected by the asthma treatment public health emergency. Demonstration grants under this NOFO are authorized under FTA's Public Transportation Innovation Program (49 U.S.C. 5312). Eligible projects will demonstrate innovative solutions to improve the operational efficiencies of transit systems and enhance mobility for their communities in four major areas.

(1) Vehicle, facility, equipment and infrastructure cleaning and dis. (2) exposure mitigation measures. (3) innovative mobility such as contactless payments. And (4) measures that strengthen public confidence in transit services. The total funding available for awards under this NOFO is $10,000,000.

FTA may supplement this amount if additional funding becomes available. Applicants must submit completed proposals for funding opportunity FTA-2020-015-TRI through the GRANTS.GOV “APPLY” function by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on November 2, 2020. Prospective applicants should register as soon as possible on the GRANTS.GOV website to ensure they can complete the application process before the submission deadline. Application instructions are available on FTA's website at http://transit.dot.gov/​howtoapply and in the “FIND” module of GRANTS.GOV.

FTA will not accept mail and fax submissions. Start Further Info Please send any questions on this notice to Jamel El-Hamri email. Jamel.El-Hamri@dot.gov phone. 2020-366-8985. A Telecommunication Device for the Deaf (TDD) is available for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing at 1-800-877-8339.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information Table of Contents A. Program Description B. Federal Award Information C. Eligibility Information D. Application and Submission Information E.

Application Review Information F. Federal Award Administration Information G. Federal Awarding Agency Contact Information A. Program Description The Public Transportation asthma treatment Research Demonstration Grant Program is funded through the Public Transportation Innovation Program (49 U.S.C. 5312), with the goal to develop, deploy, and demonstrate innovative solutions that improve the operational efficiency of transit agencies, as well as enhance the mobility of transit users affected by the asthma treatment public health emergency.

Eligible projects will propose to develop and deploy innovative solutions in four major areas. (1) Vehicle, facility, equipment and infrastructure cleaning and dis. (2) exposure mitigation measures. (3) innovative mobility such as contactless payments. And (4) measures that strengthen public confidence in transit.

As required by 49 U.S.C. 5312(e)(4), projects funded under this NOFO must participate in an evaluation by an independent outside entity that will conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the success or failure of the projects funded under this subsection and any plan for broad-based implementation of the innovation promoted by successful projects. B. Federal Award Information FTA makes available $10,000,000 in fiscal year (FY) 2020 funds under the Public Transportation Innovation Program (49 U.S.C. 5312) to finance the Public Transportation asthma treatment Research Demonstration Grant Program.

FTA may supplement http://www.em-tilleuls-ostwald.site.ac-strasbourg.fr/cest-de-la-tarte/ the total funds available if additional funding becomes available at the time project selections are made. FTA will grant pre-award authority starting on the date of the project award announcement for selected projects and should be completed within 24 months from the date of award. Funds are available only for eligible expenses incurred after the announcement of project selections. C. Eligibility Information (1) Eligible Applicants Eligible applicants include State and local governmental authorities, direct recipients of Urbanized Area (49 U.S.C.

5307) and Rural Area (49 U.S.C. 5311) formula funds, and Indian tribes. Eligible applicants are limited to FTA grantees or subrecipients who would be the primary beneficiaries of the innovative products and services that are developed—typically public transit agencies. Except for projects proposed by Indian tribes, proposals for projects in rural (non-urbanized) areas must be submitted as part of a consolidated State proposal. States and other eligible applicants also may submit consolidated proposals for projects in urbanized areas.

The submission of the Statewide application will not preclude the submission and consideration of any application from other eligible recipients in an urbanized area in a State. Proposals may contain projects to be implemented by the recipient or its subrecipients. Eligible subrecipients include public agencies, private nonprofit organizations, and private providers engaged in public transportation. Eligible applicants may submit consolidated proposals for projects. (2) Cost Sharing or Matching The maximum Federal share of project costs is 100 percent.

FTA may give additional consideration to applicants that propose a local share and may view these applicants as more competitive. The applicant must document the source(s) of the local match, if any, in the grant application. For any applicants proposing match, eligible local match sources include the following. Cash from non-Government sources other than revenues from providing public transportation services. Revenues derived from the sale of advertising and concessions.

Revenues generated from value capture financing mechanisms. Funds from an undistributed cash surplus. Replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve. New capital. Or in-kind contributions.

(3) Eligible Projects Eligible projects will propose innovative solutions to improve operational efficiencies of transit agencies and enhance the mobility of transit users, through projects that demonstrate innovative solutions for. Vehicle, facility, equipment and infrastructure cleaning and dis. Exposure mitigation measures such a real-time notification of rail and bus passenger loads. New multi-modal payment innovative mobility systems such as contactless payments. And measures that strengthen public confidence in transit.

Each applicant may only submit one proposal.Start Printed Page 63655 D. Application and Submission Information (1) Address and Form of Application Submission Applications must be submitted through GRANTS.GOV. Applicants can find general information for submitting applications through GRANTS.GOV at www.fta.dot.gov/​howtoapply, along with specific instructions for the forms and attachments required for submission. Mail and fax submissions will not be accepted. (2) Content and Form of Application Submission a.

Proposal Submission A complete proposal submission consists of at least two forms. 1. The SF-424 Mandatory Form (downloadable from GRANTS.GOV) and 2. The supplemental form for the FY 2020 asthma treatment Demonstration Program (downloadable from GRANTS.GOV), which is available on FTA's website at (placeholder for FTA asthma treatment Demonstration Program). The application must include responses to all sections of the SF-424 mandatory form and the supplemental form unless a section is indicated as optional.

FTA will use the information on the supplemental form to determine applicant and project eligibility for the program and to evaluate the proposal against the selection criteria described in part E of this notice. FTA will accept only one supplemental form per SF-424 submission. FTA encourages applicants to consider submitting a single supplemental form that includes multiple activities to be evaluated as a consolidated proposal. Applicants may attach additional supporting information to the SF-424 submission, including but not limited to letters of support, project budgets, or excerpts from relevant planning documents. Supporting documentation must be described and referenced by file name in the appropriate response section of the supplemental form, or it may not be reviewed.

Information such as applicant name, Federal amount requested, local match amount, description of areas served, etc., may be requested in varying degrees of detail on both the SF-424 form and supplemental form. Applicants must fill in all fields unless stated otherwise on the forms. If applicants copy information into the supplemental form from another source, they should verify that the supplemental form has fully captured pasted text and that it has not truncated the text due to character limits built into the form. Applicants should use both the “Check Package for Errors” and the “Validate Form” validation buttons on both forms to check all required fields. Applicants should also ensure that the Federal and local amounts specified are consistent.

Addressing the deteriorating conditions and disproportionately high fatality rates on our rural transportation infrastructure is of critical interest to the Department, as rural transportation networks face unique challenges in safety, infrastructure condition, and passenger and freight usage. Consistent with the R.O.U.T.E.S. Initiative, the Department encourages applicants to consider how the project will address the challenges faced by rural areas. B. Application Content The SF-424 Mandatory Form and the supplemental form will prompt applicants for the required information, including.

I. Applicant Name ii. Dun and Bradstreet (D&B) Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number iii. Key contact information (contact name, address, email address, and phone number) iv. Congressional district(s) where project will take place v.

Project Information (title, executive summary, and type) vi. A detailed description of the need for the project vii. A detailed description of how the project will support the Program objectives viii. Evidence that the applicant can provide the local cost shares ix. A description of the technical, legal, and financial capacity of the applicant x.

A detailed project budget xi. Details on the local matching funds xii. A detailed project timeline xiii. Whether the project impacts an Opportunity Zone (3) Unique Entity Identifier and System for Award Management (SAM) Each applicant is required to. (1) Be registered in SAM before submitting an application.

(2) provide a valid unique entity identifier in its application. And (3) continue to maintain an active SAM registration with current information at all times during which the applicant has an active Federal award or an application or plan under consideration by FTA. These requirements do not apply if the applicant. (1) Is excepted from the requirements under 2 CFR 25.110(b) or (c). Or (2) has an exception approved by FTA under 2 CFR 25.110(d).

FTA may not make an award until the applicant has complied with all applicable unique entity identifier and SAM requirements. If an applicant has not fully complied with the requirements by the time FTA is ready to make an award, FTA may determine that the applicant is not qualified to receive an award and use that determination as a basis for making a Federal award to another applicant. All applicants must provide a unique entity identifier provided by SAM. Registration in SAM may take as little as 3-5 business days, but there can be unexpected steps or delays. For example, the applicant may need to obtain an Employer Identification Number.

FTA recommends allowing ample time, up to several weeks, to complete all steps. For additional information on obtaining a unique entity identifier, please visit www.sam.gov. (4) Submission Dates and Times Project proposals must be submitted electronically through GRANTS.GOV by 11:59 p.m. Eastern on November 2, 2020. Mail and fax submissions will not be accepted.

FTA urges applicants to submit applications at least 72 hours prior to the due date to allow time to correct any problems that may have caused either GRANTS.GOV or FTA systems to reject the submission. Proposals submitted after the deadline will only be considered under extraordinary circumstances not within the applicant's control. Deadlines will not be extended due to scheduled website maintenance. GRANTS.GOV scheduled maintenance and outage times are announced on the GRANTS.GOV website. Within 48 hours after submitting an electronic application, the applicant should receive two email messages from GRANTS.GOV.

(1) Confirmation of successful transmission to GRANTS.GOV. And (2) confirmation of successful validation by GRANTS.GOV. If the applicant does not receive confirmation of successful validation or receives a notice of failed validation or incomplete materials, the applicant must address the reason for the failed validation, as described in the email notice, and resubmit before the submission deadline. If making a resubmission for any reason, applicants must include all original attachments regardless of which attachments were updated and check the box on the supplemental form indicating this is a resubmission. Applicants are encouraged to begin the process of registration on the GRANTS.GOV site well in advance of the submission deadline.

Registration is Start Printed Page 63656a multi-step process, which may take several weeks to complete before an application can be submitted. Registered applicants may still be required to update their registration before submitting an application. Registration in SAM is renewed annually and persons making submissions on behalf of the Authorized Organization Representative (AOR) must be authorized in GRANTS.GOV by the AOR to make submissions. (5) Funding Restrictions Funds may be used for post-award expenditures only. Funds under this NOFO cannot be used to reimburse projects for otherwise eligible expenses incurred prior to the date of project award announcements.

(6) Other Submission Requirements FTA encourages applicants to identify scaled funding options in case insufficient funding is available to fund a project at the full requested amount. If an applicant indicates that a project is scalable, the applicant must provide an appropriate minimum funding amount that will fund an eligible project that achieves the objectives of the program and meets all relevant program requirements. The applicant must provide a clear explanation of how a reduced award would affect the project budget and scope. FTA may award a lesser amount whether or not the applicant provides a scalable option. E.

Application Review Information (1) Project Evaluation Criteria Addressing the deteriorating conditions and disproportionately high fatality rates on our rural transportation infrastructure is of critical interest to the Department, as rural transportation networks face unique challenges in safety, infrastructure condition, and passenger and freight usage. Consistent with the R.O.U.T.E.S. Initiative, the Department will consider how the project will address the challenges faced by rural areas. In addition, the Department will review and consider applications for funding pursuant to this Notice in accordance with the President's September 2, 2020 memorandum, entitled Memorandum on Reviewing Funding to State and Local Government Recipients of Federal Funds that Are Permitting Anarchy, Violence, and Destruction in American Cities, consistent with guidance from the Office of Management and Budget and the Attorney General and with all applicable laws. FTA will evaluate proposals submitted according to the following criteria.

(a) Project Innovation and Impact. (b) Project Approach. (c) National Applicability. (d) Commercialization and/or Knowledge Transfer. And (e) Technical, Legal and Financial Capacity.

FTA encourages each applicant to demonstrate how a project supports all criteria with the most relevant information the applicant can provide, regardless of whether such information has been specifically requested or identified in this notice. A. Project Innovation and Impact i. Effectiveness of the project in achieving and demonstrating the specific objectives of this program. Ii.

Demonstration of benefits in addressing the needs of the transit agency and industry and impacts to infrastructure, equipment, transit workforce, and riders. Iii. Degree of improvement over current and existing technologies, designs, and/or practices applicable to the transit industry. B. Project Approach i.

Quality of the project approach such as existing partnerships, collaboration strategies and level of commitment of the project partners. Ii. Proposal is realistic in its approach to fulfill the milestones/deliverables, schedule and goals. C. National Applicability i.

Degree to which the project could be replicated by other transit agencies regionally or nationally. Ii. Ability to evaluate technologies, designs and/or practices in a wide variety of conditions and locales. Iii. Degree to which the technology, designs and/or practices can be replicated by other transportation modes.

D. Commercialization and/or Knowledge Transfer i. Demonstrates a realistic plan for moving the results of the project into the transit marketplace (patents, conferences, articles in trade magazines, webinar, site visits, etc.). Ii. How the project team plans to work with the industry on improving best practices, guidance and/or standards, if applicable.

Iii. Demonstrate a clear understanding and robust approach to data collection, access and management. E. Technical, Legal and Financial Capacity Capacity of the applicant and any partners to successfully execute the project effort. There should be no outstanding legal, technical, or financial issues with the applicant that would make this a high-risk project.

(2) Review and Selection Process An FTA technical evaluation committee will evaluate proposals based on the published project evaluation criteria. Members of the technical evaluation committee will rate the applications and may seek clarification about any statement in an application. The FTA Administrator will determine the final selection and amount of funding for each project after consideration of the findings of the technical evaluation committee. Geographic diversity, diversity of the project type, the amount of local match to be provided, and the applicant's receipt and management of other Federal transit funds may be considered in FTA's award decisions. Prior fare payment innovation efforts may receive priority consideration.

The FTA Administrator will consider the following key DOT objectives. A. Utilizing alternative funding sources and innovative financing models to attract non-Federal sources of investment. B. Whether the project is located in or supports public transportation service in a qualified opportunity zone designated pursuant to 26.U.S.C.

1400Z-1. And c. The extent to which the project addresses challenges specific to the provision of rural public transportation. (3) FAPIIS Review Prior to making a grant award, FTA is required to review and consider any information about the applicant that is in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS) accessible through SAM. An applicant may review and comment on information about itself that a Federal awarding agency previously entered.

FTA will consider any comments by the applicant, in addition to the other information in FAPIIS, in making a judgment about the applicant's integrity, business ethics, and record of performance under Federal awards when completing the review of risk posed by applicants as described in 2 CFR 200.205 Federal Awarding Agency Review of Risk Posed by Applicants. F. Federal Award Administration Information (1) Federal Award Notices FTA will announce the final project selections on the FTA website. Project recipients should contact their FTA Regional Office for additional information regarding allocations for Start Printed Page 63657projects. At the time project selections are announced, FTA will extend pre-award authority for the selected projects.

There is no blanket pre-award authority for these projects before announcement. There is no minimum or maximum grant award amount, but FTA intends to fund as many meritorious projects as possible. FTA only will consider proposals from eligible recipients for eligible activities. Due to funding limitations, projects selected for funding may receive less than the amount originally requested. In those cases, applicants must be able to demonstrate that the proposed projects are still viable and can be completed with the amount awarded.

(2) Administrative and National Policy Requirements a. Pre-Award Authority FTA will issue specific guidance to recipients regarding pre-award authority at the time of selection. FTA does not provide pre-award authority for competitive funds until projects are selected, and there are Federal requirements that must be met before costs are incurred. For more information about FTA's policy on pre-award authority, see the FY 2020 Apportionments Notice published on June 3, 2020, at https://www.govinfo.gov/​content/​pkg/​FR-2020-06-03/​pdf/​2020-11946.pdf. b.

Grant Requirements Selected applicants will submit a grant application through FTA's electronic grant management system and adhere to the customary FTA grant requirements for research project (insert Circular name). All competitive grants, regardless of award amount, will be subject to the Congressional notification and release process. FTA emphasizes that third-party procurement applies to all funding awards, as described in FTA Circular 4220.1F, “Third Party Contracting Guidance.” However, FTA may approve applications that include a specifically identified partnering organization(s) (2 CFR 200.302(f)). When included, the application, budget, and budget narrative should provide a clear understanding of how the selection of these organizations is critical for the project and give sufficient detail about the costs involved. C.

Planning FTA encourages applicants to engage the appropriate State Departments of Transportation, Regional Transportation Planning Organizations, or Metropolitan Planning Organizations in areas to be served by the project funds available under this program. D. Standard Assurances The applicant assures that it will comply with all applicable Federal statutes, regulations, executive orders, FTA circulars, and other Federal administrative requirements in carrying out any project supported by the FTA grant. The applicant acknowledges that it is under a continuing obligation to comply with the terms and conditions of the grant agreement issued for its project with FTA. The applicant understands that Federal laws, regulations, policies, and administrative practices might be modified from time to time and may affect the implementation of the project.

The applicant agrees that the most recent Federal requirements will apply to the project unless FTA issues a written determination otherwise. The applicant must submit the Certifications and Assurances before receiving a grant if it does not have current certifications on file. E. Free Speech and Religious Liberty In connection with any program or activity conducted with or benefiting from funds awarded under this notice, recipients of funds must comply with all applicable requirements of Federal law, including, without limitation, the Constitution of the United States. Statutory, regulatory, and public policy requirements, including without limitation, those protecting free speech, religious liberty, public welfare, the environment, and prohibiting discrimination.

The conditions of performance, non-discrimination requirements, and other assurances made applicable to the award of funds in accordance with regulations of the Department of Transportation. And applicable Federal financial assistance and contracting principles promulgated by the Office of Management and Budget. In complying with these requirements, recipients must ensure that no concession agreements are denied or other contracting decisions made on the basis of speech or other activities protected by the First Amendment. If the Department determines that a recipient has failed to comply with applicable Federal requirements, the Department may terminate the award of funds and disallow previously incurred costs, requiring the recipient to reimburse any expended award funds. (3) Reporting The post-award reporting requirements include submission of the Federal Financial Report (FFR) and Milestone Progress Report in TrAMS.

An evaluation of the grant will occur at various points in the demonstration process and at the end of the project. In addition, FTA is responsible for producing an Annual Report to Congress that compiles evaluation of selected projects, including an evaluation of the performance measures identified by the applicants. All applicants must develop an evaluation plan to measure the success or failure of their projects and describe any plans for broad-based implementation of successful projects. FTA may request data and reports to support the evaluation and Annual Report. A.

Independent Evaluation To achieve a comprehensive understanding of the impacts and implications of each proposed asthma treatment Research Demonstration Program, projects funded under this announcement will require the recipient to conduct a third party independent evaluation of their project. Recipients will be required to contract with a third party independent evaluator to assist in developing an evaluation plan, and collecting, storing and managing data required to fulfill the evaluation requirement. No more than 10 percent of the Federal share of the project may be used to hire the third-party independent evaluator and the inclusion of a third-party independent evaluation should be described in the grant application. If the project duration is more than two years, an interim evaluation report would need to be submitted to FTA, otherwise the evaluation report should be included as part of the final project report. B.

asthma treatment Research Demonstration Grant Program Evaluation Projects funded under this announcement will be required to establish a set of performance metrics set by the third-party independent evaluator and shared with FTA. G. Federal Awarding Agency Contacts Information For questions about applying, please contact Jamel El-Hamri email. Jamel.El-Hamri@dot.gov phone. 202-366-8985.

A TDD is available at 1-800-877-8339 (TDDFIRS). To ensure that applicants receive accurate information about eligibility or the program, applicants are encouraged to contact FTA directly with questions, rather than through intermediaries or third parties.Start Printed Page 63658 FTA staff also may conduct briefings on the competitive grants selection and award process upon request. Start Signature K. Jane Williams, Deputy Administrator. End Signature End Supplemental Information [FR Doc.